Fatima Klepic

UDK: 3.07:342.57(497.6)

 

DOMINACIJA UPRAVE KAO INSTRUMENTA POLITIČKE VLASTI U MODERNOJ DEMOKRATIJI BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE 

DOMINATION OF ADMINISTRATION AS AN INSTRUMENT OF POLITICAL AUTHORITY IN MODERN DEMOCRACY OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

 

Fatima Klepić 

fatima_klepic@yahoo.com

 

Sažetak

Predstavničkom demokratijom u sistemu javne uprave koncipirana je neraskidiva povezanost između političkih funkcionera i javnih službenika koji su im hijerarhijski podređeni.Iskustva svjedoče da je svaka moć i vlast opasna, sklona samovolji i zloupotrebama u smislu ugrožavanja prava građana i širih interesa nametanjem partikularnih interesa moćnika. Zloupotrebom položaja od strane vladajućih političkih stranaka narušava se princip demokratije time i povjerenje građana u institucije javne vlasti. Njihova moć naročito je pogubna ukoliko je orjentisana zarobljavanju javne uprave kao podobnog mehanizma za politička zastranjivanja ili pak najvećeg dijela javne uprave tj. državne uprave. U ovakvim slučajevima, političke stranke jačaju vlastitu moć, svojim učesnicima povećavaju izglede za neke objektivne ciljeve ili ličnu korist, dok hijerahijski organizovana uprava uveliko zadobiva konture birokratske organizacije. Opažanjem mnogih negativnih društvenih pojava i problema, često, gotovo svakodnevno, se konstatuje da su javni službenici produžena ruka vladujućih političkih stranaka, čime se znatno ugrožava vladavina prava i pravna država, a političke odluke stavljaju se i ispred javnog interesa.

Ključne riječi: političke stranke, predstavnička demokratija, javna uprava,depolitizacija i profesionalizacija uprave.

Summary 

In the public administration system representative democracy designes unbreakable connection between political officials and public servants who are hierarchichal subordinate to the first one. Experiences testify that every power and authority is dangerous, well disposed towards arbitrariness and abuses in terms of endangering the rights of citizens and wider interests by imposition of the particular interests of the powerful. Ruling political parties undermine the principle of democracy and citizens’ trust in the institutions of public authority by the abuse of position.Their power is especially detrimental if it is oriented towards seizure of the public administration, or its most part – state administration, as an eligible mechanism for political aberrations. In such cases, political parties strengthen their power and increase chances for some objective goals or personal benefit for their participants, while hierarchichal organized management largely attains outline of a bureaucratic organization. By observing many negative social phenomena and problems it is often noted that public officials are extended arm of the ruling political parties which significantly endanger the rule of law and the rule of law state, while political decisions are being placed before the public interest.

Key words: political parties, representative democracy, public administration, depoliticization and professionalization of administration.

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