• POZIV NA MEĐUNARODNU KONFERENCIJU ADMINISTRACIJE I SOCIJALNIH NAUKA u organizaciji Fakulteta za upravu

Tematski časopis-Adis Arapović

DEPOLITIZACIJA I MERITORNOST KAO AKSIOMI REFORME JAVNOG SEKTORA

De-politicization and Meritocracy as the Axioms of the Public Sector Reform

UDK: 332.2.021.8:-027.555:330.66

mr.sci Adis Arapović

Program menadžer Centri civilnih inicijativa e-mail: adis@ccibh.org

SAŽETAK

Dobra uprava (eng. good governance) počiva na nezavisnosti, stručnosti i integritetu javne uprave i njenih uposlenika. Koncept dobre uprave od javne službe traži poboljšanje vlastitog rada na način da bude odgovorna, otvorena i transparentna, podstiče upotrebu inkluzivnih mehanizama, slijedi i promovira vladavinu zakona, koristi resurse efikasno i efektivno, te isporučuje kvalitetne javne usluge. Kadrovskom popunjavanju javne administracije i drugih javnih institucija, ustanova i kompanija svaka razvijena država posvećuje značajnu normativnu pažnju. Za postizanje najboljih rezultata prilikom popunjavanja pozicija u javnoj upravi, teži se osiguravanju najvišeg nivoa zakonitosti, transparentnosti, konkurentnosti i jednakih mogućnosti, tj meritornosti kao temeljnog principa. U Bosni i Hercegovini ima preko 165.000 zaposlenih u sektoru javnih usluga, javnoj upravi ili javnom sektoru. Pored toga, postoji još blizu 20.000 rukovodnih i upravljačkih pozicija unutar javne uprave koje su zvanično nepolitičke, ali se nerijetko smatraju izbornim plijenom. Politizacija i stranačka imenovanja i zapošljavanja na upravljačke, rukovodeće, pa i sve ostale pozicije u javnom sektoru, više je pravilo, a manje izuzetak. Promoviranjem stranačkog ovladavanja javnim sektorom, sistem javne uprave izložen je pritisku, urušava se vladavina prava, jednakost pred zakonom i povjerenje građana u pravni poredak. Politizacija i partizacija javne uprave vodi zapošljavanju politički podobnih, umjesto najkvalitetnijih kadrova, proizvodeći loše javne usluge, krizu zakonitosti i odgovornosti. Zbog toga je nužan krupan zaokret u političkoj kulturi, javnim politikama i svakodnevnoj praksi imenovanja i zapošljavanja u javnom sektoru, jer su depolitizacija i meritornost aksiomi i presudne determinante reforme javne uprave.
KLJUČNE RIJEČI Javna uprava, javni sektor, depolitizacija, meritokratija, Bosna i Hercegovina

SUMMARY Good governance rests on independence, competence and integrity of public administration and its employees. The concept of good governance wants public administration to improve its work to become responsible, open and transparent, to encourage the utilization of inclusive mechanisms and to promote rule of law, to use its resources efficiently and effectively and to render good quality public services. Every developed state pays considerable attention to recruitment in public administration and other public institutions and companies. For achieving best possible results, the focus is on ensuring the highest degree of legality, competitiveness and equal opportunities, that is, meritocracy as the principle. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are more than 165,000 individuals employed in the public service sector or public administration. Moreover, there are additional almost 20,000 managerial positions in the public administration that officially are non-political, however, there are serious attempts to take control over them and make them political i.e. election prey. Politicisation, recruitment and appointments to managerial and all other positions in the public sector along political lines have become a rule, not an exception. Promotion of direct and utterly harmful political control over the entire public sector expose the system to the collapse of a fragile rule of law, equality before law and confidence in the legal system. Politicisation and partisation of the public administration have reached maximum, and recruitment of politically suitable rather than best qualified individuals renders poor public services, crisis of legality and lack of accountability. That is why it is imperative to have a sharp turn „Reforma javne uprave u Bosni i Hercegovini – prioriteti i izazovi“ in the political culture, public policies and daily practices that are used in the public sector appointments and recruitment, because de-politicisation and meritocracy are axioms and the decisive determinants of the public administration reform.
KEY WORDS Public administration, public sector, de-politicisation, meritocracy, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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